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Lebezniatnikov
Stupidity Annoys Me



Registered: Feb 2004
Location: DC

quote:
Originally posted by George Smiley
I like the idea of this but all my good essays are 6,000 words!

Is there another way we could do this without clogging this thread up? Like an external site with one page per essay. This thread could then act as an index for it (plus a short discription)

I suppose we could do that here with the opening post being the index linking to the post number (altho I don't think I'll be able to fit in 6,000 words!!!)



I like the idea of indexing through the first post - however, I don't know that my internet savvy is such that I could handle maintaining an outside site... maybe it could be done through a livejournal or some such thing?


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Old Post Jan-02-2008 12:39  United Nations
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George Smiley
Supreme tranceaddict



Registered: Jan 2004
Location: 9 Bywater Street, Chelsea, London

What about a blog?

We can get one of them for free, and we'd be able to index the articles here too. Someone, or a few, could have the password, then we could just attach the articles to a PM and that person could upload em to the blog?

Old Post Jan-02-2008 12:42  England
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Lebezniatnikov
Stupidity Annoys Me



Registered: Feb 2004
Location: DC

quote:
Originally posted by George Smiley
What about a blog?

We can get one of them for free, and we'd be able to index the articles here too. Someone, or a few, could have the password, then we could just attach the articles to a PM and that person could upload em to the blog?


That could work. And I could probably handle something like that. I'll see what I can muster up this evening.


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Old Post Jan-02-2008 12:51  United Nations
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LazFX
Supreme tranceaddict



Registered: Aug 2004
Location: 9th Circle
Thumbs up Re: PDD's Papers and Editorials

quote:
Originally posted by Lesbianosaur


Any takers? If enough people choose to participate, maybe Lira would sticky it? I know I for one would be interested in reading some of the more thought-provoking things you've written for class or work, but maybe that's just the nerdy grad school student in me talking.

And who knows... maybe some of the papers will in turn provoke some discussion amongst everyone else.


Excellent Idea Lesb'a Saurus
I need some fresh POVs that come from the mind and not InfoWars.com or the latest Alex Jones Youtube orgasm

and of course works cited with active links. now that would be cool.... If you guys want a secure site I have plenty of space on my servers...... .. but again, Excellent Idea and just holla if ya want the space....

Old Post Jan-02-2008 18:38  United States
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Krypton
83.798 g/6.022x10^23



Registered: Nov 2003
Location: Texas

quote:
Originally posted by George Smiley
What about a blog?

We can get one of them for free, and we'd be able to index the articles here too. Someone, or a few, could have the password, then we could just attach the articles to a PM and that person could upload em to the blog?


A blog would be perfect. I better get a password~~!!


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Old Post Jan-02-2008 18:58  Korea-Democratic Peoples Republic
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Lebezniatnikov
Stupidity Annoys Me



Registered: Feb 2004
Location: DC

http://pddpapers.livejournal.com/

Update your bookmarks accordingly.

For now, send papers you'd like to submit to pddpapers@gmail.com - I'll work on getting those already posted up there shortly. Then we can have discussions on the individual papers via the comments there, which will be a lot more organized than having a dozen different discussions going on here in one thread.

Any suggestions? The theme is pretty cheesy - there are 300 to choose from, so if anyone has suggestions on layout or whatever, let me know.

Edit: And I will try and keep the first post in this thread updated with direct links to everyone's papers, so they are indexed here by author (or would topic be better?)


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Old Post Jan-03-2008 00:03  United Nations
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Krypton
83.798 g/6.022x10^23



Registered: Nov 2003
Location: Texas

quote:
Originally posted by Lesbianosaur
http://pddpapers.livejournal.com/

Update your bookmarks accordingly.

For now, send papers you'd like to submit to pddpapers@gmail.com - I'll work on getting those already posted up there shortly. Then we can have discussions on the individual papers via the comments there, which will be a lot more organized than having a dozen different discussions going on here in one thread.

Any suggestions? The theme is pretty cheesy - there are 300 to choose from, so if anyone has suggestions on layout or whatever, let me know.

Edit: And I will try and keep the first post in this thread updated with direct links to everyone's papers, so they are indexed here by author (or would topic be better?)


I suggest a theme similar to TA, with dark background, easy to read text. Make the background easy on the eyes just like TA so reading these papers isn't hard.

I think there is a time limit to when you can edit the first post of a thread... When I try to edit the Investor Club first post, I get...

quote:
vBulletin Message
The administrator has specified that you can only edit messages for 28800 minutes after you have posted. This limit has expired, so you must contact the administrator to make alterations on your message.


Unless we can get this rule changed??


___________________

Old Post Jan-03-2008 00:13  Korea-Democratic Peoples Republic
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George Smiley
Supreme tranceaddict



Registered: Jan 2004
Location: 9 Bywater Street, Chelsea, London

quote:
Originally posted by Krypton
Unless we can get this rule changed??

Or we could PM the link to Lira who, very kindly, might add it to the OP??

Old Post Jan-03-2008 10:59  England
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George Smiley
Supreme tranceaddict



Registered: Jan 2004
Location: 9 Bywater Street, Chelsea, London

quote:
Originally posted by Lesbianosaur
http://pddpapers.livejournal.com/

Update your bookmarks accordingly.

For now, send papers you'd like to submit to pddpapers@gmail.com

Nice one mate!

I have a few (that I need to edit a little for various reasons) - what format do you need them in? Font? Text size? Line spacing? File format? etc etc!

Old Post Jan-03-2008 11:01  England
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Lebezniatnikov
Stupidity Annoys Me



Registered: Feb 2004
Location: DC

Sorry for the delay - it's been a really rough week.

First post updated with the three papers I got up tonight.


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Old Post Jan-10-2008 03:57  United Nations
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Krypton
83.798 g/6.022x10^23



Registered: Nov 2003
Location: Texas

THESIS: The most prolific question for any society to ask is, “What moral, social, and political order is necessary to ensure that all of society is content and happy?” The answers each society gives becomes the ideologies of communism, capitalism, republicanism, federalism, authoritarianism, religion, and a myriad of other philosophical systems to answer the question of what makes a content society.

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Moral, Social, and Political Philosophy Analysis (1,000 words)

Moral, social, and political philosophy are all about questioning how human society operates itself according to a standard of behavior. The governing body of any society/nation must ask such philosophical questions before developing a methodology to the laws of society which are passed after such considerations. The answers each society comes up with to the questions of moral, social, and political philosophies determine the rules with which that society will bind itself to. The most prolific question for any society to ask is, “What moral, social, and political order is necessary to ensure that all of society is content and happy?” The answers each society gives becomes the ideologies of communism, capitalism, republicanism, federalism, authoritarianism, religion, and a myriad of other philosophical systems to answer the question of what makes a content society.

Moral philosophy attempts to decipher correct behavior from misbehavior. Social philosophy attempts to develop a reasoning for ethics applied to society as a whole. A moral system in which abortion is incorrect behavior is taken by social philosophy and analyzed as a question of whether an abortion is detrimental to society as a whole. Before one can determine what is correct for society, one must have a standard of ethical behavior on which to apply to society. Political philosophy takes moral and social philosophy to a practical level by actually enforcing a system of ethics on society with the purpose of creating an ethical order which benefits the society as a whole. These philosophies have their commonality in attempting to discern which societal balance of ethics and law is best for any particular society.

Moral, social, and political philosophy to differ however in the specific questions they ask. Moral philosophy does not and should not concern itself political philosophy. Questions asked by moral philosophy attempt to discern what specific behaviors can be considered right or wrong. The question of, “Is murder wrong?” is one of the central questions a moral philosopher might examine. A social philosopher on the other hand may not examine why murder is wrong per se, but they might ask, “Why is murder wrong for society?” A social philosopher will seek to question the effect of murder on society instead of simply attempting to determine murder as ethical based on a standard of morals. Social philosophy though can determine correctness or wrongfulness based on any behavior's effect on society. So examining murder under the context of social philosophy, one might say that murder is wrong because it affects society in a negative way by inducing fear of losing one's life. Political philosophy does not concern itself with attempting to discern right or wrong and should not. Rather a political philosopher will have already set a standard of ethics. This person will instead try to apply this standard of ethics on society itself to realize one's vision of governance according to a preset standard of morality and social stability. In this way, these philosophies are different.

The questions each of these philosophies pose determines the society in which we live. More importantly is the answers to those questions. An example would be, “Who should control production of goods in a market?” There are essentially three solutions:

1.The government should control all production.
2.Both government and market should control all production.
3.The market should control all production.

Morally speaking, which solution is correct? The real answer is all of them can be correct because the essential characteristic of any philosophy is its relativism. But for purposes of this example, we'll assume a capitalist system is the correct system, and so morally speaking, only solutions 2 and 3 can be morally ethical. Why? Because society is the source of demand and government can never know at all times what society demands. This mode of thinking begins to move into social philosophy in the effect each of these three solutions would have on society. Which solution(s) is right for society according to a capitalist interpretation? A social philosophy can discern that solution 1 is wrong because when government controls all production, demand of the society and thus the market is not met. An example of this is the Soviet Union. The government of the USSR deemed the military-industrial complex to be the most important aspect of production. The effect of that was an acute shortage of consumer goods which was greatly demanded by the Soviet society. This adversely affected the Soviet society as a whole and resulted in the collapse of the Soviet economy. According to a capitalist political philosophical, which solutions are correct? Again solutions 2 and 3 are correct because applying a ethical system in which the market dictates all or most production of any economy, the political philosophy would have to incorporate a market driven political system. One question a political philosopher might ask is what is the best economic model to obtain the most efficient mode of taxation for the government? A market driven economy is the most efficient economy there is and is driven by profit. That profit can be taxed. A socialist system of economics in which all production is owned by the state would inevitably result in decreased productivity and less profit.

Moral philosophy can be considered more important than social or political philosophy because in order to question what is good for society and the rules such a society must follow, one must first determine a system of ethics to build off of. How can one know which laws to legislate if there is no standard of right and wrong? How can one know what is good for society if “good” has yet to be determined? Therefore, ethics determines the philosophical system on which all societies are built.


___________________

Last edited by Krypton on Apr-20-2008 at 06:35

Old Post Apr-11-2008 02:42  Korea-Democratic Peoples Republic
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Krypton
83.798 g/6.022x10^23



Registered: Nov 2003
Location: Texas

This is one of my group papers. It's probably around 2000 - 2500 words. Edited by me for grammar, spelling, factual correctness, content, and "flow". Specifically, I wrote the introduction paragraph, Mainstream Media, and the conclusion. I was the project leader since I love Noam's work so much, so enjoy the fruits of my leadership...

THESIS: Avram Noam Chomsky is an author, linguist, lecturer, political activist, and western philosopher. He is a professor of linguistics at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and has contributed since the 1950's to a naturalistic interpretation of grammar, language, and psychology. Chomsky has actively participated in political philosophy in addition to his linguistic expertise starting with his criticisms of the Vietnam War. His views are central to New Left ideology in which authoritarian socialism and laissez-faire capitalism in favor of society which prevents the accumulation of resources to an elite few through either a communist elite or capitalist monopoly. This political philosophy is called Libertarian Socialism.

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Avrim Noam Chomsky

Avram Noam Chomsky is an author, linguist, lecturer, political activist, and western philosopher. He is a professor of linguistics at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and has contributed since the 1950's to a naturalistic interpretation of grammar, language, and psychology. Chomsky has actively participated in political philosophy in addition to his linguistic expertise starting with his criticisms of the Vietnam War. His views are central to New Left ideology in which authoritarian socialism and laissez-faire capitalism in favor of society which prevents the accumulation of resources to an elite few through either a communist elite or capitalist monopoly. This political philosophy is called Libertarian Socialism.

Personal Life

Noam Chomsky was born on December 7, 1928 in Philadelphia Pennsylvania to a Hebrew family living in a sort of "Jewish ghetto," split into a Yiddish and Hebrew side (Harris, 1997). He exclaimed that his family brought him up "immersed Hebrew culture and literature" (Lamb, 2007). Chomsky's first language was Yiddish, but he says it was too much of a taboo for his family to speak it. Chomsky expressed pressures he experienced with Irish Catholics and anti-semitism in the mid-1930s when he stated, “I do not like to say it but I grew up with a kind of gut fear of Catholics. I knew it was irrational and got over. It was just the street experience” (Lamb, 2007).

Chomsky attended Central High School of Philadelphia and later began studying philosophy and linguistics at the University of Pennsylvania in 1945. He was educated by philosophers C. West Churchman, Nelson Goodman, and linguist Zellig Harris (Harris, 1997). Harris's teaching incorporated his findings of alterations as a mathematical examination of language structure. This structure included mappings from one subset to another in a set of sentences. Chomsky consequently reinterpreted these as procedures on the invention of a context-free grammar. Harris's political points of view were important in influencing those of Chomsky.

Noam Chomsky was cultured at the University of Pennsylvania, earning a Ph.D. degree in linguistics under the attention of American linguist Zellig Harris in 1955. Chomsky was pursuant early in life. Chomsky held an appointment from 1951 to 1955 at the Harvard University as a graduate student. He later joined the staff at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) in 1955 (Harris, 1997) teaching French and German. Chomsky later became Institute Professor of Linguistics at MIT in 1976.

As a scholar, Noam was profoundly influenced by Zellig Harris, former Professor of Linguistics at the University of Pennsylvania (Harris, 1997). Some of his research for his Masters was on the contemporary spoken Hebrew idiom. Chomsky has made a lasting repute in linguistics. It was Chomsky’s passion and humbleness to Harris’s political visions that steered him on the road as a graduate student in linguistics. Chomsky learned some of the historical beliefs of linguistics from his Hebrew scholar father William (Harris, 1997). Chomsky is most eminent for his effort on generative grammar which is generated from his attention in modern logic and arithmetical basics. Chomsky applied generative grammar to the explanation of normal languages.

Noam Chomsky lives two lives: one as a linguist and the other as a human rights activist. Chomsky is the founder of transformational-generative grammar (Harris, 1997). This is a system that transformed contemporary linguistics. Chomsky is the most frequently quoted person on the planet. Yet Chomsky does not seek supporters. He wants each person to see things for themselves, to think, and make decisions for themselves.

Libertarian Socialism

To fully understand Noam Chomsky’s stand on libertarian social, one must understand the meaning of libertarianism. It is defined as an advocate of free will, a person who upholds the principles of individual liberty especially of thought and action (Merriam-Webster, 2007). This word and thought in particular is sometimes one and the same with anarchism which is to be without leaders. Anarchists’ school of thought is that the government is harmful and unnecessary. However, libertarian socialism is about freedom from exploitation of all means of wealth making into the hands of the leading minority of industrialists.

Noam Chomsky’s view on libertarian anarchists is stated in an interview by Kreisler (2002).

“….socialist and anti-state branch of socialism, which meant a highly organized society, completely organized and nothing to do with chaos, but based on democracy all the way through. That means democratic control of communities, of workplaces, of federal structures, built on systems of voluntary association, spreading internationally. That’s traditional anarchism. You know, anybody can have the world if they like, but that’s the mainstream of traditional anarchism.”

Chomsky feels that power is always unlawful unless it can be proven to be lawful. For instance, a parent who stops a child from running into the street is considered an example of the lawful use of power based on its justification. The child could have been killed if not prohibited by the parent. Chomsky believes that it’s the responsibility of those who exercise the power in this instance the government, to show its authority or justification of its authority.

Terrorism

David Hart (2006) quotes Chomsky as: “Even the state defines “terror” as the use of violence against civilians in order to achieve certain political aims. Chomsky then provides a lengthy list of state actions in the 20th century which qualify as terrorism (under the state’s current definition) on acts of individual terrorism (lone suicide bomber); repeated acts of terrorism (organized by terrorist groups like Al Qaida); then state terrorism which uses acts of terror on a mass scale (like bombing of civilian cities during World War II).”

Although Chomsky is aware and conceded that violence works, he believes strongly that there are constructive ways of dealing with the threat of terror. One way is to deal with the man in the mirror (America). It is never an easy task but a necessary one. In his book Failed States, The Abuse of Power and the Assault on Democracy, Chomsky states, “US and UK planners were well aware that the invasion of Iraq was likely to increase terror and WMD proliferation, as many analysts and intelligence agencies warned.” (2006, p.18)

Chomsky believes that the UN should take the lead in international crises and that America should rely on discreet and profitable measures rather than armed forces in confronting terror. Chomsky also believes it is imperative to give up the Security Council veto and that there should be a cut in military spending and substantial increase in social spending.

Peace in the Middle East

Chomsky’s general consensus is that the United States government claim to provide democracy in the Middle East is just as detrimental to Arab society as Saddam Hussein was to his own people. Chomsky stated, “The third argument that’s given, which at least has a merit of truth, is that Saddam Hussein is a monster. In fact if you listen to Tony Blair, Bill Clinton, Madeline Albright, or almost anyone who comments on this, they justify the sanctions repeatedly by saying that this man is a monster…using weapons of mass destruction against his own people in the horrendous gassing of the Kurds. True, he committed the ultimate atrocity…WITH OUR SUPPORT…..He remained a favored friend and trading partner and allay quite independently of these atrocities.” (2001) Chomsky believes that we must push for changes within the US policies that would support peace, as present policies have been fueling injustice for decades.

Mainstream Media

Chomsky has argued that inherent within private media is a systemic bias which is the anti-thesis of objective journalism. He developed the “Propaganda Model” in a 1988 book written with Edward Herman called Manufacturing Consent: The Political Economy of the Mass Media. The theory postulates that a media corporation's main objective is to profit from the selling of a product. The product is the news broadcast but the customers are not the audience which watches the broadcasts. Advertisers are the greatest interest of any media broadcaster because they are the primary source of revenue for any private media company. The model postulates a series of 5 filters of media which influence the coverage of news events (1988)...

1. Ownership
2. Funding
3. Sourcing
4. Flak
5. Anti-Ideologies

The majority of the mass media is owned by a select few multi-national corporation's such as General Electric or News Corp. The first filter postulates that these companies have financial interests far exceeding simple media. If these companies encounter a news event which may be detrimental to their corporate interests, their coverage of that event will probably be censored to protect such interests. Media companies must also protect their sources of revenue which is the advertisers. News is not the product of mass media but rather their advertisements. According to the “Funding Filter” (1988), publications and broadcasts are not designed for the best method of news coverage, but rather, are designed to attract readers and viewers to their brand. Doing this enables the media company to sell more of their advertising space (which is their main product) and so ratings become much more important than news coverage.

Most media companies form a special sourcing relationship with the government, specifically, the White House and Pentagon. The relationship can best be described as symbiotic; I will help you if you help me. In the event a journalist decides to challenge government policy by asking tough questions to policy officials, they are more likely to be shut out of future press conferences or denied future interviews. Most avoid asking such questions to preserve their place in future press conferences and interview time. The government or Pentagon becomes the source of facts while the journalist merely writes them down for publication. This is in detriment to objective journalism.

Flak is a term used to describe any backlash of a publication or broadcast which goes against the status quo. This is important because in the event a journalist publishes a highly critical piece which criticizes a powerful corporate or governmental interest, the flak received could be influential enough to derail the entire media company. So publications or broadcasts must be censored to protect the company from special interest groups, lobby groups, shareholder petitions, FCC inquiries, etc. This is one more filter of news coverage.

Anti-ideologies compose the 5th filter and probably the most important. Mass media companies take advantage of the public's fears against real, potential, or exaggerated dangers. Anti-communism was the ideology which took advantage of the people's fear of the Soviet Union, and was used as a means to silence those critical of elite interests as communist sympathizers. Today, the anti-ideology is Islamism. Little coverage is given in the mass media of very important Muslim grievances against the West. Media companies such as Fox News take advantage of the public's fear of terrorism and uses it to justify all American interests in the Middle East as a “War on Terror”.

The propaganda model in essence labels all mass media corporation's as capitalist propaganda and justifies this conclusion with the premises of 5 filters which news coverage must fall through before publication or broadcast. The solution to such propaganda is independent media such as the BBC, PBS, and a myriad of news organizations which are publicly funded.

Vietnam War

Many especially those who adamantly opposed the communist regime in any capacity would regard Chomsky as an unpatriotic anti-Vietnam war activist bordering on treason. Conversely, given the fact that over half the country passionately opposed the Vietnam war efforts, Chomsky would have been lauded as an enlightened diplomatic facilitator of peace by others. Whether or not Chomsky pledged to treason or allegiance is open to interpretation.

In 1970 Chomsky visited North Vietnam and upon his arrival he immediately made an amiable connection with fellow anti-war activists. This was a suspicious gesture during an era when America , the leader of the democratic world, is at war with all communism. He expresses sympathy for the plight of the Vietnamese while condemning the actions of the United States. Chomsky makes some pretty serious indictments when he alleges that America is guilty of barbarism, imperialism, and is incapable of anything greater than campaigns of destruction. He continues by stating that a nation that has not advanced beyond its primitive disposition of savagery has no place in the 20th century. Chomsky’s sympathy eventually transforms to that of remorse as he laments, “We are deeply grateful to you that you permit us to be part of your brave and historical struggle. We hope that there will continue to be strong bonds of comradeship between the people of Vietnam and the many Americans who wish you success and who detest with all of their being the hateful activities of the American government.” (Starr, 2005, ¶5)

He effectively dehumanizes the nation by reducing it to a war machine. In retrospect one must consider the legitimacy of Chomsky’s claims; perhaps America’s role in the Vietnam War is far more suspect than anyone other than Chomsky is willing to concede. It is interesting to note that according to Chomsky, “Kennedy involved US forces in counterinsurgency, bombing, and "population control" [measures] (1975, ¶2). This begs the question of the rumored use of excessive deadly force in scenarios where deadly force was unwarranted and completely unjustifiable. Additionally, it also suggests that there may be some merit to the alleged December bombings, search-and-destroy missions to name a few. With that in mind it is evident Chomsky’s anti-America sentiment can be argued from many different vantage points dependent upon whether or not these claims can be substantiated.

It is a foregone conclusion the Vietnam War era has left its mark on the world especially in American history. The same could be said of the Vietnamese who have had to endure destruction to the point of obliteration. We may never know the unequivocal with absolute certainty; nevertheless, Chomsky challenged the status quo even though many considered it subversive to the country.

East Timor

Timor is a small Southeast Asian island slightly larger than the state of Maryland located 1,000 miles south of the Philippines and about 400 miles northwest of Australia. It is divided into two parts, the West being part of Indonesia while the East gained independence from Portugal in the mid 1970’s. In 1975 Indonesia launched a full scale invasion of East Timor using the pre-text that it was maintaining order due to civil war, the real motive was to take advantage of a presumably easy target adding to their territory and gaining resources, namely oil (Albert, Chomsky & Shalom, 1999). As a political activist and humanitarian, Chomsky spoke out publicly on his suspicions of U.S. involvement on the invasion of East Timor. According to Chomsky, Gerald Ford and his administration gave a green light to Indonesia to invade even supplying 90 percent of the weaponry used by the Indonesia army despite a U.S. law that bans the use of military aid for offensive purposes. The quiet support continued even into the Clinton administration. Over two decades, the East Timorese suffered from such atrocities as torture, rape, starvation, and countless deaths. Chomsky believes that due to lack of media coverage, the war raged on unnoticed by the public, otherwise, there would have been a more organized resistance and protests to pressure the governments into stopping the war.

“By the mid-1990s there were substantial organizations in many countries, and they were beginning to have an impact. The issue was finally being covered in the mainstream media, if not always accurately” (Albert, Chomsky & Shalom, 1999, pg.1). Under intense pressure by East Timor activists, the U.S. Congress was increasingly placing restrictions on U.S. military aid to Indonesia, often evaded, however, by the Administration. Finally, mass demonstrations in Indonesia, financial crisis, and massive corruption combined in 1998 to force Indonesia’s leader, Suharto, from office. Following a change of power a referendum was approved by the next elected President of Indonesia under international scrutiny which would allow the people of East Timor to vote on either independence or to accept Indonesian rule. Chomsky states that in the months leading up to the elections, Indonesian militia’s turned up the heat on the East Timorese in an effort to intimidate them and dissuade their votes. But on August 30, 1999, in an astonishing display of courage, virtually the entire population of East Timor went to the polls with about eighty percent voting for independence. “Having failed to cow the Timorese people into accepting Indonesian rule, the army and its militias then proceeded to unleash a ferocious attack on the civilian population, displacing hundreds of thousands, killing an unknown number, but certainly thousands, burning, and looting” (Albert, Chomsky & Shalom, 1999, pg.1).

Today, East Timor is still a long way from becoming a free standing and self supporting nation, but thanks to outspoken activists such as Noam Chomsky and other brave journalists, the ongoing atrocities of the last 25 years have finally subsided and an independent democratic government established.

Conclusion

Noam Chomsky's critical analysis of today's current events is one of the definitive world views shaping today's political spectrum. According to a recent survey by the Institute for Scientific Information, only Marx, Lenin, Shakespeare, Aristotle, the Bible, Plato, and Freud are cited more often in academic journals than Chomsky, who edges out Hegel and Cicero (Hughes). Chomsky is one of the definitive authorities on progressive liberal politics. The realization of such a view may bring about a more fair capitalism and reduce conflict around the world.

References

Albert, M., Chomsky, N. & Shalom, S.R., (1999). East Timor Questions and Answers.

Retrieved April 6, 2008 from: http://www.chomsky.info/articles/199910--02.htm

Chomsky, N. (2006). Failed States, The Abuse of Power and the Assault on Democracy (1st ed., pp.18, 262). New York, NY 10010: Metropolitan Books, Henry Holt & Company, LLC.

Chomsky, N. A Special Supplement: The Meaning of Vietnam. Retrieved April 4, 2008 from http://www.chomsky.info/articles/19750612.htm

Harris, Z. “The Transformation of Capitalist Society”, published 1997.

Hughes, S. “Speech!”, The Pennsylvania Gazette, July/August 2001.

Kreisler, H. (2002). Activism, Anarchism and Power. Retrieved April 2, 2008, from

http://globetrotter.berkeley.edu/pe...msky-con2.html.

Lamb, B. “Book TV: Interview with Noam Chomsky”, June 1, 2000 on Book TV C-Span.

Starr, T. (2005). Noam Chomsky: Viet Cong Cheerleader. Retrieved April 4, 2008 from

http://www.no-treason.com/Starr/3.html


___________________

Last edited by Krypton on Apr-20-2008 at 06:37

Old Post Apr-20-2008 06:29  Korea-Democratic Peoples Republic
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